Active/Passive Voice

Active sentences 

the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.

[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]

 

Passive sentences 

the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence.

[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]

 

Examples:
  • Harry ate six shrimp at dinner. (active)
  • At dinner, six shrimp were eaten by Harry. (passive)

 

  • Mom read the novel in one day. (active)
  • The novel was read by Mom in one day. (passive)

 

  • The two kings are signing the treaty. (active)
  • The treaty is being signed by the two kings. (passive)